The Humanistic theory

Personality Theories

God created all human beings equally, and no matter one’s race, ethnicity, gender, or background, all men are equal. However, an individual is differentiated from another by their distinctive character, behavior, emotional patterns, and cognition, which are defined as personality (Myers, 2016). Notably, a person’s characteristics and behaviors define them and their personality. Personality can, therefore, be explained by six significant theories that try to explain how one acquires the character traits they possess.

The first theory is the Humanistic theory, which was developed by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. This theory states that human beings or an individual acquire their personality through the need to achieve full self-actualization (Myers, 2016). Through the process of seeking personal development and growth, the experiences that one goes through molds their personality. For example, if one encounters much deceitfulness during self-actualization, they tend to develop a character of not trusting people.

The second personality theory is the Psychodynamic theory that was developed by Alder, Horney, and Jung. This theory states that individuals develop their character or personality from what they experienced in their childhood and their defensive mechanisms (Myers, 2016). For example, if one grows in an abusive home, they become introverts because of the fear instilled in them from their early infancy.

The third personality theory, developed by Hans Eysenck, is known as the Biological theory or perspective. This theory states that people’s personality or distinctive character is influenced by their psychological and genetic factors (Myers, 2016). For example, it is through these biological factors that a person acquires their physical appearance, such as height and eye color. It also determines an individual’s level of temperament, which gives them their personality.

The Behavioral theory, on the other hand, states that an individual’s personality is developed from the behaviors that they have collected over time in their lives through exposure (Myers, 2016). For example, if one is brought up in a family of drug abusers, there is a high chance that they will fall into the same behavior. Consequently, the Trait personality theory developed by Allport, Eysenck, McCrae, and Costa states that an individual’s behavior and characteristic, which is defined as their traits, make up their personality (Myers, 2016). For example, one person might be honest or virtuous, and the other, evil and corrupt. These personalities are a result of one’s traits and how people view them.

Lastly, the Social-Cognitive personality theory developed by Albert Bandura claims that an individual’s personality comes from how they think, the type of information they are exposed to, and how they interpret and react to it (Myers, 2016). For example, if a person is exposed to positive information and interacts with positive people, they tend to learn by observation, which becomes their personality and vice versa.

Conclusively, the six personality theories seek to explain the different traits exhibited by persons. The uniqueness of individuals has long puzzled scientists and researchers alike, but with the development of these theories, factors that influence adults’ thought processes can easily be understood. Such knowledge can especially help psychologists when trying to counsel or investigate deviant behaviors in criminals.

 

Reference

Myers, D. G. (2016). Exploring psychology (11th ed.). New York: Worth Publishers. ISBN 9781319127756

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