Professional nses comprise the largest group of healthcare workers in a facility. Professional nurses offer special service to society, they assume ultimate accountability for clients feedback and supervise and educate other personels as they assist in nursing care delivery, even though they perform tasks that coul be done by other team members, they bring ability to improvise individual care.( Hood, Leddy and peppers,2018).
Collaboration between professional nurses and other healthcare discipline and professionals enhances provision of high quality care to the patients as it reduces medication errors and enhanced job satisfaction. Collaboration also promotes trust and respect between the healthcare providers and encourages the practice of treating nurses equally with physicians ( World Health Organization,(WHO), 2010)
Effective health service collaboration known as inter-professional collaboration (IPC) is necessary to the health professionals. IPC is defined as the interpersonal process characterized by healthcare professionals from multiple discipline with shared objectives, decision making, responsibility and power working in order to solve patient problems.
Professional nurses use the following competencies to promote collaboration with other healthcare discipline and professional;
Role and Responsibility – The competence of role and responsibility consist of being knowledgeable in the profession, and understanding the role of other professional and limitations. Professional nurses use this competence to promote collaboration as Suter ,Arnddt , Arthur et al.(2009), suggested you should understand and appreciate the work of other professionals, this is a core competence in collaboration. Understanding the role of other professions and understanding professional limitations are considered as knowledge competency in collaboration.
Values and Ethics – Professional values and ethics are considered as professional culture in collaboration. These values include respect, discipline, being open-minded, absence of ego, commitment and being able to adjust. These competences are identified as attitudes in collaboration used by the professional nurses to promote collaboration.
Communication, Co-ordination and Leadership skills – These are the most important competences in collaboration since the system needs to support and accommodate the cultivation of communication and co-ordination skills. Professional nurses should train on how to build relationship with others or skills to work with people in order to communicate well. Collaboration may include co-ordination and co-operation, collaboration involves divergent thinking to solve problems through collective creativity while co-ordination involves doing the work together without divergent thinking. Collaborative leadership enables the leaders to use the power of influence rather than positional authority to engage and align people, focus teams, sustain momentums and perform. Managers should use good leadership skills in order to achieve the goals set by the organization. Shared leadership is characterized by shared decision making to achieve common goals since everyone has the opportunity to be a leader.
Competent in own professional role (culture) – Culture represents the values, norms and tradition that affect how individuals of a particular group perceive, think interact, behave and make judgment about their world, Cultural competence benefits company’s efficiency and productivity through increased creativity, increased appreciation for other perspectives, improved listening, increased empathy and adaptability and more ideas where people work from different cultures they find it easy to solve their challenges when they arise.
Professional nurses use this strategy to promote collaboration with other healthcare professionals through encouraging team work, practicing communication skills, and train for global citizenship, practice good manners e.g. using please and thank you is essential in some countries and encourage discussion where the workers are encouraged to discuss their problems.
In conclusion the four competencies help the professional nurses in promoting the collaboration with the healthcare disciplines and professionals.
Inter-professional collaboration is important in health care facility since it leads to high quality services to the patients as the professions and departments come together to solve complex patient problems.
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